Getting to know a bit about brainwaves
We use a portable system known as the Brainmachine which measures your brainwaves ( this is the EEG signal ) from your brain’s Prefrontal lobes - simply above each eyebrow. This brain region has been implicated in planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression, decision making and moderating social behavior. This is what makes this such an interesting region to look at as its activity is considered to be the orchestration of thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals. The most typical psychological term for functions carried out by the prefrontal cortex area is executive function.
Higher mental functions
Executive function relates to abilities to differentiate among conflicting thoughts, determine good and bad, better and best, same and different, future consequences of current activities, working toward a defined goal, prediction of outcomes, expectation based on actions, and social “control” (the ability to suppress urges that, if not suppressed, could lead to socially unacceptable outcomes).
The executive functions of the frontal lobes involve the ability to recognize future consequences resulting from current actions, to choose between good and bad actions (or better and best), override and suppress unacceptable social responses, and determine similarities and differences between things or events. Therefore, it is involved in higher mental functions.
EEG Biofeedback Training (often called Neurotherapy or neurofeedback) is a learning strategy that enables persons to alter their brain waves by getting feedback of their present state.
is a high amplitude brain wave with a frequency of oscillation between 0.5–4 hertz. Delta waves are usually associated with the deepest stages of sleep (3 and 4 NREM), also known as slow-wave sleep (SWS), and aid in characterizing the depth of sleep.
When detected in a subject not asleep, their attention is inwardly focused, relaxed and in some instances deepens when entering into trance states.
In the frequency range of 4–8 Hz are detected in the frontal lobe are often “Cortical theta rhythms” low-frequency components of scalp EEG, usually recorded from humans. Meditation and breathwork show an increase in this brainwave, and with practice, theta waves dominate a receptive state of mind, lightly relaxed, demonstrated by the experience of hypnogogic and hypnopompic states of reverie, either side of sleep onset, and the occasional lucid dream !
These neural oscillations in the frequency range of 8–12 Hz arising from synchronous and coherent (in phase/constructive) electrical activity of thalamic pacemaker cells in humans. They are also called Berger’s wave in memory of the founder of EEG.
Alpha waves predominantly originate from the occipital lobe during wakeful relaxation with closed eyes. Alpha waves are reduced with open eyes, drowsiness and sleep. Historically, they were thought to represent the activity of the visual cortex in an idle state. More recent papers have argued that they inhibit areas of the cortex not in use, or alternatively that they play an active role in network coordination and communication. Occipital alpha waves during periods of eyes closed are the strongest EEG brain signals.
The beta rhythm is the term used to designate the frequency range of human brain activity between 12 and 30 Hz (12 to 30 transitions or cycles per second). Beta waves are split into three sections: Low Beta Waves (12.5-16 Hz, “Beta 1 power”); Beta Waves (16.5–20 Hz, “Beta 2 power”); and High Beta Waves (20.5-28 Hz, “Beta 3 power”). And of course, Beta states are the states associated with normal waking consciousness.
are everything that is, beyond Beta, 35 Hz+
According to a popular theory, gamma waves may be implicated in creating the unity of conscious perception (the binding problem). However, there is no agreement on the theory; as a researcher suggests:
Whether or not gamma wave activity is related to subjective awareness is a very difficult question which cannot be answered with certainty at the present time. Gamma waves are observed as neural synchrony from visual cues in both conscious and subliminal stimuli. This research also sheds light on how neural synchrony may explain stochastic resonance in the nervous system. They are also implicated in REM sleep, which involves visualisations, and also during anesthesia.